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Plumbing Glossary

A


[*] ABS: (Aristocraft brimstone styrene) an inflexible black synthetic pipe used for waste and drain lines. It is used in auto industry because of its durability. Under regular conditions, quality ABS will not break, chip or peel.
[*]Absorbent – A material that is used to hold gases, liquids or solids or suspended solids on its surface or inside pores. Example: activated carbon.
[*]Absorption Field – This is a seeping field designed to disperse the liquid waste from a septic tank through a filter bed.
[*] “A” Valve: A manual gas shut-off valve.
[*] Access Panel: An opening in the wall that allows entrée for servicing the plumbing/electrical system.
[*] Acid: A matter that add to the concentration of hydrogen ions when melted in water. Most of acids dissolves common metals and will respond with a base to form a salt.
[*] Acid Dilution Basin – A plumbing appurtenance linked to waste piping servicing a piece of a building getting corrosive or acid waste.
[*] Acid Waste – Any waste water containing corrosives or acidic liquids that should be neutralized before entering the municipal sewer system.
[*] Acid Waste Piping – basically put its waste piping and fittings that are anti acidic.
[*] Acidity: The intensity of concentration of acid in water. Acid will counteract an alkali or base. It is generally spoken as calcium carbonate equivalent.
[*] Acrylic: A thermoplastic used on the exteriors of bathtubs and whirlpools. It generally comes in sheets and is supported by fiberglass to outline waterproof shower walls.
[*] Adaptor: A fitting that connects diverse kind of pipe together, for example: ABS (Aristocraft brimstone styrene) to direct iron pipe. It also helps in joining threaded pipe with none threaded.
[*] Adjusting Linkage : An adjustable rod or strap that forms the connection between the lift rod and the ball lever assembly of the drain.
[*] Aerator: A gadget attached into the end of a faucet spout that mixes up air into flowing water, and controls stream to decrease splash. It contains flummox to cut flow to 2.5 gpm.
[*] Aerobic Bacteria: Bacteria living, active and occurring in the presence of oxygen.
[*] Air break: An air break is a substantial separation which may be a small inlet into the oblique waste receptor from the fixture or appliance indirectly linked.
[*] Air Lock: jam in the flow of liquid, on the suction side of a pump because of an air bubble in the line.
[*] Air Admittance Valve: The most common of these is called a STUDOR vent, these valves are designed to allow air into a drainage system without using a vent. It opens to allow air to equalize pressure in the drainage system but closes to stop sewer odors and gases into the living space.
[*] Air Chamber :A vertical air filled pipe or manufactured
[*] Air Gap : The unobstructed physical distance between the outlet end of a plumbing apparatus or piping delivering potable water to a plumbing fixture to the flood rim level of the receptacle
[*] Alkali: A water soluble mineral mix, generally a temperate strength base such as a bicarbonate and carbonate compound when it is in the water. The alkalinity of water represents the capacity to neutralize acids
[*] Alkalinity: The amount of components in a water supply which validate alkaline conditions. The alkalinity of water is a measure of its capability to neutralize acids, also known as pH.
[*] Ambient Temperature: The normal temperature of the air nearby an electrical device.
[*] Americast: A process from American Standard that make use of a porcelain surface, an enameling grade steel and a structural compound bonded together to make a sink that is alike to cast iron in sturdiness, heat maintenance and sound painkilling however weighs significantly less consequently it is cheaper to fix.
[*] Angular Discharge Tube: An ejection tube that regulate the direction of water flow about 90 degrees.
[*] Angle Stop: A shutoff valve linking the water pipes and a faucet.
[*] Annealing: In plumbing the procedure through which inflexible copper is made spongy and elastic. The process consists of heating the metal to a definite temperature then letting the metal to cool down slowly.
[*] Anode Rod: A sacrificial stick attached in a water heater that guards the tank from corrosion, serving to increase the verve of the tank.
[*] Anti Microbial: plumbing accessory that is man-made with anti-microbial characteristics essential to the product.
[*] Anti-Siphon: defensive device for the backflow of liquid into a system.
[*] AGA : American Gas Association. It is written on many gas appliances.
[*] AIR GAP: Air-filled space permitting infected water to release freely, avoiding the impure water from ever siphoning back into the filtered water supply.

B


[*] Backflow: Backflow is the flow of liquids, mixtures, or substances into the distributing pipes of a clean supply of water.
[*] Back Flow Preventer: A tool to stop water from roaming from one system back into any part of the major distribution system. This is usually needed for handheld showers, sprinkler systems, kitchen sprayers, pullout faucet spouts, etc.
[*] Back Pressure: Pressure that refuse to accept the flow of fluid in a piping system.
[*] Back Siphon age: A negative force that cause backflow.
[*] Backup: The spillover of a plumbing fixture due to drain stoppage e.g. a clogged toilet.
[*] Backwater Valve:Valves inside the sewer line that avoid dirt from overturn traveling into the house.
[*] Baffle : An object placed in a plumbing appurtenance to alter the direction of water or flue gasses.
[*] Ball Check Valve: A valve that employs a ball to stick beside a seat to discontinue flow in one way.
[*] Bullock: The fill valve that operates the flow of water from water supply line into a toilet tank. It is managed by a float device that floats in tank water.
[*] Basin Wrench: Wrenches with a lengthy handle with jaws mount on a wheel that lets the jaws to arrive and hold nuts to tie up faucets to an earlier fitted sink.
[*] Bends : A general term given to elbows made from all sorts of piping material.
[*] Bidets: A plumbing fixture that is often used for bathing of external genitals and subsequent parts of the body.
[*] Biodegradable: Any material resultantly formed by way of biological action i.e. aerobic and anaerobic decomposition. For example: detergents, human waste, and organic matter.
[*] Bidet (uttered as Bid-day :) A plumbing fixture alike to a toilet bowl used for cleaning genitals and exterior areas of the body. It is fixed on floor besides a toilet and includes a washing basin, a hot and cold faucet and sprayer.
[*] Bleed: Bleeding is the procedure of draining a tube, pipe, or hose of surplus air.
[*] Blind Plug: A plug used on no-hub piping to close a drain line. It is attached to the end of pipe by no-hub coupling.
[*] Blow bag: A drain cleaning device consisting of a rubber bladder with a hose fitting on one end and a nozzle on the other. The device attaches to a water hose and is inserted into a clogged drainpipe. As water is introduced, it expands to grip the pipe, and releases pulsating bursts of water through the nozzle, forcing water through the pipe to clear the obstruction.
[*] Boiler: A sealed tank where water is heated and turned to steam for power or hot water.
[*] Branch: Any part of a drain system other than the main, riser, or stack.
[*] Branch Vent:A vent that connects 1+ single vent with a vent stack.
[*] Brackish Water – Any water containing bacteria between 1,000 and 15,000 ppm of dissolved solids.
[*] Brazing : uses (How To) Similar to soldering, brazing is the process of filling a void (for plumbing) in a pipe joint with a filler metal to join pieces of pipe or fittings.
[*] Break Tank: A type of vessel that holds a supply of water that is to be used for a specific purpose (mainly heating) other than for consuming or flushing plumbing fixtures.
[*] BTU (British thermal unit):
A unit of heat energy required to raise the temperature of 1 lb. of water 1 degree Fahrenheit.
[*] Building: A building is a structure built, erected, or framed of component structural parts designed for housing, shelter, enclosure, or support of persons, animals, or property of any kind.
[*] Buchan trapObsolete way of venting a waste water drain. An in-line trap with a vent on the inlet side. Also known as a Bristol interceptor.

C


[*] Cast Iron: Formerly used for drainage, sewers, waste, and vent pipe and fittings. Very durable and heavy metal. Today, many top quality bath tubs are still made with cast iron. Pipes and fittings today are generally only used for commercial applications where fire ratings are involved.
[*] Center Set: A style of bathroom lavatory faucet having combined spouts and handles. Handles are 4" from center of handle-to-handle. Also a single handle faucet installed on 4" center-to-center faucet holes.
[*] Cesspool: A cesspool is an underground excavation in the ground that receives the discharges of a drainage system. It retains the organic, solid matter and permits the liquids to seep through.
[*] Check Valve: A backflow preventer that only permits water to flow in one direction.
[*] CHINA: In the plumbing industry that generally refers to porcelain or vitreous china used in making toilets and lavatory sinks. China is a material that is made from clay and is glazed and high fired in a kiln. The finish is very hard and smooth. An excellent product for toilets and lavatories. Fire clay is another form of china that is used for large farm sinks.
[*] Circuit Vent Where one common vent serves up to a maximum of eight fixtures connected to a horizontal branch drain. Circuit venting must be designed by a professional engineer. The vent must be installed between the two most upstream fixture drains and the vent cannot receive the discharge of any waste or soil.
[*] Cistern: An underground rainwater storage container.
[*] Cleanout: A plug in a drain pipe, vent or trap that provides access for the purpose of clearing an obstruction.
[*] Close-Coupled Toilet: A two-piece toilet. The toilet tank is separate from the toilet bowl. This is the most common type of toilet.
[*] Closet : Generally means "water closet" (aka: toilet). A closet auger is a toilet auger which is used to clear toilet stoppages.
[*] Closet auger A flexible rod with a curved end used to access the toilet's built-in trap and remove clogs.
[*] Closet curve A bended fitting that interfaces the wardrobe rib to the latrine deplete.
[*] Closet spine: A tying down ring secured to the floor. The base of the latrine is secured to this ring with jolts.
[*] C/O Cleanout
[*] Cock: A spigot or valve that controls the stream of water; it is otherwise called a ball cock.
[*] Commode For the most part additionally remains for latrine.
[*] Composite Material – A material used to make ledges and sinks. Composite materials as a rule have an acrylic base that is shaded and distinctive total materials are acquainted with give the surface a novel look and in a few cases include quality.
[*] Compression Fitting: A pipe association where a nut and sleeve is set over a tube, packing it firmly around the tube as the nut is fixed; this structures a seal without binding.
[*] Compression Valve: A valve utilized for water spigots. It opens and closes by raising and bringing down a level circle.
[*] Console lava A table: like apparatus with a basic restroom. The back is settled to a divider and the front is upheld by comforts (sections) or legs.
[*] COPPER Rosy darker, non-ferrous metal generally utilized for family plumbing channels.
[*] Coupling : A fitting that joins two bits of pipe (or different fittings) together.
[*] CPVC : Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride is a plastic item intended for drinking water at temperatures up to 180 degrees (where code licenses). Comes in straight or rolls for the most part grayish hued (orange for flame sprinklers).
[*] Cross Connection: Any association in pipes that enables consumable water to be associated with a non consumable water source. Cross associations can be a conceivably genuine wellbeing peril
[*] CW : Shortening for Cold Water
[*] CWP: - Shortening for Cold Working Pressure
[*] CWT : Shortening for Copper Water Tube (alludes to ostensible pipe measure).
[*] CxC Copper x copper, which means the fitting, is estimated for copper pipe.
[*] Cycle time: The time required for a latrine to finish its flush cycle, from the time it is flushed till the water supply stop.

D


[*] DAM: The seal cause by water in a trap way.
[*] Desanco Fitting: A connector that joints tubular metal fittings to PVC funnels.
[*] Diaphragm: A stomach is a versatile covering inside a valve that controls water spill out of the supply lines.
[*] Dip Tube: A tube for transporting frosty water to the base of water warmer tank.
[*] Direct Tap: A clip on a branch line that takes it off of the fundamental line.
[*] Discharge Tube: A release tube is an outlet tube that associates a disposer/sump pump to a deplete line.
[*] Disposal Field: A progression of trenches that circulate squander consistently into the dirt.
[*] Dishwasher Tailpiece: A connector that joins a bushel strainer to a drainpipe with a dishwasher bay.
[*] Diverter Valves which guide water to different outlets. They are utilized as a part of showers, tub and shower mixes, bidets, Roman tub fillers and kitchen fixture sprayers.
[*] Downspout Piping: Also known as tempest water channeling. It is the channeling framework that handles the release of rain and softened snow water to the city sewers, maintenance lakes, or ground level asphalt or verdant regions.
[*] Drain Waste inside the building, take note of that "sewer" is outside the building.
[*] Drip Leg: A pipe with one shut end that is set at a low point in the gas funneling to gather and evacuate buildup.
[*] Drum Trap: This sort of trap is never again utilized. It was once in the past utilized as a trap in sewer lines.
[*] Duo Valve: A hot and cool valve with a solitary on/off lever utilized for clothes washers.
[*] DWV: Shortening for Drainage, Waste and Vent frameworks. Not for drinking water.
[*] DYNAMIC PRESSURE: The weight when the water is streaming.

E


[*] E Coli: A contraction for Escherichia Coli, microscopic organisms that uncovers fecal pollution.
[*] Earthquake Strap: A metal lash that secures a water radiator to a building's casing or establishment.
[*] Efficiency: By and large communicated as a rate, a term that portrays the capacity to use vitality.
[*] EFFLUENT : Fluid waste, conceivably perilous, for the most part alludes to fluid waste from septic tanks.
[*] ELBOW (otherwise known as ELL): A fitting with two openings that alter the course of the line. Additionally called an ell. It arrives in an assortment of edges, from 22 1/2° to 90°, however by a long shot the most well-known is the 90°.
[*] ELONGATED : The state of the front of a latrine bowl. For the most part around 2" longer than the standard "round front" bowl.
[*] Enamel: A hazy vitreous creation connected by combination to the surface of metal apparatuses, for example, cast press and squeezed steel tubs, latrines and sinks. Kindly don't mistake enameled steel for enameled cast press. Cast press with enameling is substantially tougher.
[*] ESCUTCHEON : (Articulated ih-skuhch-uhn) A fancy or defensive spine or shield underneath a spigot handle, this part covers the spigot stem and the opening in the installation or divider. They are additionally found around shower arms, stop valves, and other channeling that gets through the divider. Normally restorative, a few shields are gasket to help with waterproofing, similar to crests for body splashes.
[*] Expansion Tank: A tank with warm extension that can retain overabundance weight.

F


[*] Fall The correct slant or pitch of a pipe for sufficient waste.
[*] Female Fitting: A fitting in which another fitting or pipe is embedded.
[*] Finish Plumbing: Pipes apparatus establishment to make a framework usable.
[*] FERNCO : A producer. Generally, implies elastic coupling
[*] FHT: Shortening for female hose strings.
[*] FIBERGLASS : Glass in a stringy frame utilized as a part of making items, for example, water crafts and baths.
[*] FINISHES The accompanying completion condensing is for the most part utilized by many (not all) fixture makers:
[*] BC Brushed Chrome
[*] BN: Brushed Nickel
[*] CP: Polished Chrome
[*] PB:Polished Brass
[*] SN: Satin Nickel
[*] WH White
[*] FIP(S): Shortening for female iron pipe estimate strung fitting. Strings are inside the fitting.
[*] Fitting: A section used to join two segments of pipe or different fittings together. A case of a fitting is an elbow, bushing, or coupling.
[*] Fixture - Expansive term in pipes/kitchen/shower that could be a whole can, sink, tub, and so on OR it could be the gadgets that give a supply of water.
[*] Flapper: Some portion of the flush valve that seals water inside the latrine tank or permits section of water into the can bowl amid the flush cycle. Otherwise called a flush ball.
[*] Float Ball: Associated with the ball cock inside the latrine tank. The buoy ball rises and falls with the water levels making the ball cock open and close.
[*] Floor Flange: A bit of gear that interfaces a latrine and floor deplete.
[*] Flushometer: A latrine valve that conveys water and afterward closes off after it meters a specific measure of water.
[*] Flush meter Tank System: A can flushing framework that utilizations water strain to flush rather than the customary gravity flushing framework.
[*] Flux: The glue that is utilized as a part of welding metal joints. Motion helps the procedure by forestalling oxidation of the joint.
[*] FNPT: Contraction for Female National Pipe Thread Taper.
[*] Footprint: The measure of floor space taken by a machine.
[*] French Drain: A secured dump with a layer of stones or other material.
[*] Friction Loss: Weight lost in a pipe because of turbulence made by water going through pipe.
[*] FSWT: Female sweat association
[*] FVIR: Combustible Vapor Ignition Resistant. Gas let go water radiators sold starting at July 1, 2003, per the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), must incorporate elements to oppose conceivable start of combustible vapors outside of the water warmer burning chamber.

G


[*] Gas Cock: Gas valve.
[*] Gas Control: A bit of hardware that controls gas weight on water warmer.
[*] Gate: A Gate deals with the stream in a conductor, pipe, or passage.
[*] Gate Diverter: A lever on a tub that initiates the diverter valve.
[*] GPF : Gallons per Flush. The present toilets, per government law, are just permitted to convey 1.6gpf or less. In numerous years past, toilets flushed as much as 7-8gpf.
[*] GPH : Shortened form for Gallons every Hour.
[*] GPM : Shortened form for Gallons every Minute.
[*] Gravity Operated Toilet: A flushing framework that uses the normal descending weight of water in a tank to viably flush the can.
[*] Gray Water: Squander water from all apparatuses with the exception of toilets.

H


[*] Handshower- A showerhead planned with a handle that is associated with a water supply by means of an adaptable hose.
[*] Head: The water weight applied by gravity (2.31 feet of tallness implies/conveys one pound of head). Additionally, slang for can.
[*] Horizontal Branch: Deplete channels that run along the side. They keep running from pipes installations to squander stacks in a building or in the dirt.
[*] Horizontal Run: The even length between where the liquid enters a pipe and where it takes off.
[*] Hose Bibb: A garden or open air spigot. Additionally, a fixture that conveys water with a hose association toward the finish of the gush, (for example, to a clothes washer).
[*] Houdee: Previous maker. Usually implies stainless steel sink outline.
[*] Hose Bibb: An open air fixture.
[*] House Trap: A u-formed fitting that has two contiguous cleanout plugs.
[*] H.P.: Truncation for "pull."
[*] H.T. : Truncation for "hose strings." Garden hose strings are not quite the same as standard pipe strings. They are considerably more coarse and are 0.75 - 11.5 NH (typical hose). The 0.75 is the ostensible distance across (3/4 inch) and the 11.5 is the quantity of strings per inch.
[*] Hub less (No-Hub): A waste pipe made of cast press that uses neoprene gaskets and braces.
[*] HW : Boiling water
[*] Hydronic: A framework that vehicles warm through circled water.

I


[*] I.D.: Condensing for "inside width." In pipes, most pipes are estimated by "ostensible" (approx.) I.D. which implies that when handymen say 3/4" pipe, for instance, it for the most part implies that the outside diamet

U


[*] Union: Fitting that joins two segments of pipe that enables them to be disengaged without cutting the pipe. Utilized basically with steel funnels, yet never in a DWV framework.
[*] Uni-flex: A one-piece stop and riser.
[*] Usable Storage: The level of heated water that can be taken from a tank without bringing down the temperature to the point it is not viewed as hot.

v


[*] Vacuum Breaker: A gadget that keeps the reverse of debased water into the water supply framework.
[*] Valve Seat: A piece of the valve that is stationary. Water stream stops when the moveable bit of the valve meets the valve situate.
[*] Vanity: A washroom stockpiling cupboard underneath the counter. A few handymen additionally call a restroom sink a vanity. Regularly a mirror is on the divider above.
[*] Vent: When alluding to pipes installations, all apparatuses (sinks and so on) must have a vent. Vents are utilized to enable air into the waste frameworks to keep P traps to from being siphoned dry.
[*] Vent Stack: The upper part of the dirt stack over the highest installation through which gasses and smells escape.
[*] Viscosity: Thickness is the resistance of liquid stream because of atomic grating.
[*] Vitreous: A surface material on some pipes installations got from or comprising of glass. It is low in porosity and is translucent. For the most part porcelain china is vitreous china.
[*] VTR - Vent through the rooftop

W


[*] Wash down Water Closet: A water storeroom with a front siphon traps way and vital flushing edge.
[*] Waste and Overflow - The deplete get together for a bath. The outlet at the best expels the "flood" water amid tub filling and the deplete at the base evacuates "squander" water when the tub is depleted.
[*] Waste Shoe: For the most part alludes to a bath deplete gathering.
[*] Waste Arm: A waste arm is an expansion pipe that stretches out from an apparatus into the divider.
[*] Waste and Overflow: A waste and flood is a deplete gathering for a bath. It has an outlet at the best that expels any flood of water and a deplete at the base that evacuates wastewater.
[*] |strong-|Water Closet|-strong (W.C.): Another expression for latrine. Numerous in our industry will compose W.C. on illustrations or quotes which implies water storeroom (otherwise known as: "latrine").
[*] Water Hammer: Stun waves in pipes by and large because of high speed water being stopped rapidly. This is primarily caused by under estimating of channels and spigots or valves that are closed off quick. Once in a while introducing water pound arrestors can help reduce or decrease water pound. Best is to build water pipe sizes (in this way abating speed).
[*] Water storage room : Also known as: can
[*] Wet Vent: At the point when the deplete release of one apparatus is put into the vent heap of another installation. Vertical wet venting is the most widely recognized and permits 4 installations of maybe a couple apparatus units each to release (deplete) into a vent pipe serving another installation. This must be done if the majority of the installations included are situated on an indistinguishable story from the wet vented apparatus.
[*] White Euro: Not all whites are similar. Euro-white for the most part is a to some degree yellowish white. Like Corian and Aconite's = Cameo white; Surell/Formica and Wilson workmanship's = Frosty white.
[*] White Polar: Polar-white for the most part is a somewhat blue white. Like Kohler, Elkay, Moonstone, and Swanston's = White; Corian's = Glacier white; Aconite's = Porcelain white; Surrell/Formica's = Arctic white.
[*] Widespread: A style of restroom toilet spigot having separate gush and handles. Typically 8" from focus of handle-to-deal with. Some broad spigots can be set with handles up to 12" separated.
[*] WOG - Shortened form for frosty water, oil, gas weight rating (water oil gas).
[*] Working pressure Typical, greatest working weight outline of a spigot, valve or pipes item.
[*] WYE: A Y-formed fitting with three openings used to make branch lines.

Y


[*] Yoke: A throwing with hot and icy valves and the blending chamber for water.
[*] Yoke Vent: A yoke vent anticipates weight changes in the stacks by interfacing upward from a dirt or waste stack to the vent stack.

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