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Septic Tank

A septic tank is a type of On-Site Sewage Facility (OSSF) to homes not directly connected to municipal sewer pipes. Septic tanks function as private sewage treatment systems in 25% of the households in North America.

Clogged septic tank? Plugged drain field? Don't delay repair. Submit the form on your right to receive plumbing estimates from local plumbers providing advanced septic tank solutions.

How a Septic Tank Works

septic tank
A septic system consists of a 1,000 or 2,000 gallon tank connected to a wastewater pipe on one end and a drainfield on the other end. Waste from the home is discharged into the septic tank where it is separated into solids and liquids. Heavy solids sink to the bottom of the tank and form a layer of sludge while light solids float and form a top layer of scum. The anaerobic bacterial environment that exists in the watertight tank decomposes both layers to effluent that is then released to a drainfield, also known as a leach field or disposal field. The drain-field biologically filters effluent with a series of perforated pipes running through underground trenches filled with gravel. As effluent trickles out of the pipes, into the gravel and through the soil - a filtration process occurs through which effluent is neutralized from harmful contents and is sent to local water sources as clean water.

Symptoms of Septic Tank Failure

Contrary to the common notion that septic tank is maintenance free, it should actually go through periodic inspection and pumping to prevent septic tank problems. Usually septic tank failure happens as a result of too much disposal of grease and cooking oil that causes septic tank inlet drainage to block. Another factor could be the improper dumping of non-biodegradable items and flushing it into the toilet bowl. Harmful chemicals could also precipitate septic tank failure like pesticides, herbicides, household cleaners and paints.

Septic tank failure includes the following symptoms:

These drainage system insufficiencies could cause inconvenience and extensive repair may be required. In order to decrease aggravation of these and other problems, we should observe different measures of preventive maintenance. Frequent check up of the septic tank by septic tank cleaners will enable early detection for any foreseeable crisis. Septic tank treatment should also be initiated in order to remove accumulated solids that will cause clogging.

If you notice foul septic tank odor, or if you sense the initial stages of an impending septic tank drainage problem - nip these undesirable predicaments in the bud. Ask septic tank contractors to examine the system, and if required, have them administer the required septic tank cleansers. This will not only enable your plumbing system to function properly, but will also greatly benefit the environment.

Septic Tank Pumping

Regular septic tanks pumping is crucial for sludge and scum removal. Over accumulation of indigestible solids will plug the drainfield and lead to septic tank failure. The frequency at which an individual should conduct septic pumping depends on the actual volume of the tank and amount of indigestible solids. Regular septic tank pumping helps prevent any of the above plumbing problems and prolongs the life of the system. Septic tank cleaning is best left to professional plumbers with the appropriate tools to empty tanks without harming the system or environment. Periodical septic tank inspections can go a long way at detecting and correcting hidden faults before they hinder the overall performance of the system.

plumberJust as cleaning a septic tank is not a DIY job so are repairs. Best left to plumbers, septic tank repairs require professional knowledge and experience fixing the system without hurting the drainfield or leaking septic tank waste to the environment.

Neglecting the condition of Septic Tank may cause a lot of predicaments. But by simply abiding by the tips on how to preserve its optimal functioning, you could eradicate possibilities of damage and unpleasant situations in general. Here is some pertinent information for maintaining septic tank operation.

Septic Tank Pumping Schedule

One measure to maintain proper functioning of septic tank is establishing a regular septic tank pumping schedule. This is mainly done in order to remove retained and unabsorbed waste to prevent clogging that would further damage the system. In creating a septic tank pumping schedule and frequency, you must first consider the septic tank capacity and the number of people in a certain household. In view of those factors and calculations, you can now work out a certain schedule for pumping the septic tank.

However in dealing with the cleaning and pumping of septic tanks, you should be aware that it requires critical septic management. Remember that by adhering to a fixed schedule, you can prevent unpleasant problems in the long run.

Septic Tank Pumping Schedule
Tank - Gallons 2 Per House 3 Per House 4 Per House 5 Per House 6 Per House
Septic Tank Pumping Frequency in Years
500 2.6 yrs 1.5 yrs 1.0 yrs 0.7 yrs 0.4 yrs
750 4.2 yrs 2.6 yrs 1.8 yrs 1.3 yrs 1.0 yrs
900 5.2 yrs 3.3 yrs 2.3 yrs 1.7 yrs 1.3 yrs
1000 5.9 yrs 3.7 yrs 2.6 yrs 2.0 yrs 1.5 yrs
1250 7.5 yrs 4.8 yrs 3.4 yrs 2.6 yrs 2.0 yrs
1500 9.1 yrs 5.9 yrs 4.2 yrs 3.3 yrs 2.6 yrs
1750 10.7 yrs 6.9 yrs 5.0 yrs 3.9 yrs 3.1 yrs
2000 12.4 yrs 8.0 yrs 5.9 yrs 4.5 yrs 3.7 yrs

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